Differences Between Single-sided PCB and Double-sided PCB
Single and double-sided printed circuit boards share the same material make-up: FR-4, which is a form of fiberglass mixed with epoxy. In modern manufacturing, this is usually layered with copper for conductivity and then coated in solder mask for a professional finish. Sometimes, in a process called silk screening, industrial printers print markings and labels on the board as well.
Single-sided PCBs consist of the FR4 insulating core substrate and a thin layer of copper coating on the bottom or solder-side of the substrate. Through-hole components mount on the top or component-side of the substrate with the leads passing through to the bottom side and soldered to the copper pads and tracks. Surface mount components mount directly to the solder side. The primary difference between the two boards will be in conductor placement.
Double-sided PCB boards rely on the same core substrate but have conductors on both sides of the substrate. Very directly, a double-sided circuit board delivers twice the area for conductors. Complex routing can occur with through-hole components mounted on the top layer and surface mount components attached to the bottom layer. Plated through-holes establish “vias” or the electrical connections between the two sides.
Choose Single Sided PCB or Double Sided PCB?
Which PCB you pick depends on your needs and requirements. Sometimes single-sided PCBs are more suitable for project design as compared to double-sided PCBs and vice versa.
Before you pick any type of PCB for your project, you must consider one thing that single-sided PCB layouts are more difficult to the route as compared to double-sided PCB. Still, the following are the reasons why you should put effort into making and picking single-sided PCB over other PCBs.
If you are hobbyist or students and concerned about making PCB at home, you must know, developing single-sided PCBs at home are much more comfortable than designing double-sided PCBs at home.
As you are a manufacturer and very much interested in keeping your cost down and to produce a single-sided PCB a most economical process. In terms of price, producing single-sided PCBs are more economical than producing double-sided PCBs.
Almost all HVAC systems make use of single-sided PCBs because they are more reliable and cost-effective and don`t compromise the overall quality of the product.
Using hole technology in single-sided PCBs still has its drawbacks and limitations because conductive layers, lines, and pads stay on a single side of PCB, but it still is a cheap process to combine all components in one place. Multilayer PCB is also used in many applications where single-sided and double-sided PCBs fail to fulfill the requirements.